The Benefits of Choosing Hybrid Tomatoes for Your Garden

Team McFly Sep 08, 2023
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 Hybrid Tomatoes
Table of Contents
  1. "Marrying the Best: Why Hybrid Tomatoes Outshine the Rest"
    1. What Are Hybrid Tomatoes?
    2. Cross-pollination
    3. Genetics
    4. Varieties
    5. Harvesting

"Marrying the Best: Why Hybrid Tomatoes Outshine the Rest"

What Are Hybrid Tomatoes?

Hybrid tomatoes are plants created through cross-pollination to produce new varieties, usually chosen for certain traits such as disease resistance, firm flesh texture, and thick skin thickness.

These traits can help a tomato plant withstand the stresses associated with transportation, while simultaneously yielding higher fruit production rates than heirloom varieties. Unfortunately, however, these varieties tend to lack flavorful appeal.


Hybrid tomatoes are hybridized varieties created through cultivation that combine beneficial traits from two or more distinct tomato varieties, such as enhanced disease resistance, better fruit quality, or a specific growth habit.

Hybrids tend to be more costly to cultivate and require additional time and work; stabilization may take five or more generations before reaching its optimal condition.

Cross-pollination occurs naturally when pollen from one tomato variety fertilizes flowers in another variety. Often this process is orchestrated by insects such as bees or wind.

But in certain instances, tomato and pepper plants can cross-pollinate each other without the assistance of insect pollinators. This occurs when planting them near one another in an adjacent location, or collecting seeds from two distinct varieties of tomatoes.

tomatoes on the vine


Breeding tomato plants is undertaken to increase fruit size, quality, and resistance to pests and diseases. This can be accomplished by crossing various varieties containing genetic variants responsible for these characteristics.

The genetics behind hybrid tomatoes is intricate and involves interactions between genes, which may either be positive or negative - known as epistasis - which may result in unexpected and dramatic transformations.

CSHL researcher Zach Lippman and Israeli scientists have identified an extremely rare instance of genetic modification in tomato varieties: florigen (a hormone that controls flowering and fruit set) producing mutant genes dramatically increasing tomato yields while simultaneously increasing the sugar and sweetness content of individual fruits. This process also increases tomato yields overall by two to fivefold!

tomatoes vareties


Hybrid tomatoes are cross-bred varieties that combine the best traits from multiple tomato varieties. They usually produce fruit larger than their predecessors while providing greater resistance against disease.

While heirloom tomatoes have long been available and have not changed much over time, plant breeders recently developed hybrid varieties to enhance traits like disease resistance or flavor. They are often sold at supermarkets with thick skins to withstand transportation.

Common varieties produce smaller yields and take longer to mature; their flavor may not match well with those produced by heirloom varieties. They can be more susceptible to pests/diseases than their ancestors.

Heirlooms are open-pollinated varieties created through natural breeding over generations of selection, providing growers an alternative to pesticides or other chemicals in their crop production. Heirloom varieties are an excellent option for growers wishing to reduce chemical usage in their farming operations.

harvesting tomatoes


Hybrid tomatoes are produced through cross-pollination between two distinct tomato varieties to produce offspring that combine the best traits from both parents. They typically grow into larger, disease-resistant fruits than their traditional heirloom counterparts.

Beefsteak tomatoes are popularly recognized for their sweet taste, with certain varieties such as Beefsteak being especially juicy and succulent. Unfortunately, these tomatoes are more vulnerable to diseases and skin-cracking issues.

Heirloom tomatoes are open-pollinated plants, depending on wind and bees for pollination. If you decide to grow these varieties, provide enough light and water.

Fruits should ripen to a firm, bright red hue. Letting tomatoes remain on the vine too long increases their risk of skin cracking; therefore, pick them before they reach full ripeness.

If you want to save tomato seeds, store them in a glass jar with an airtight lid in a cool and dark location until spring comes. Your seeds should then be dried before being planted out into the garden.

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Table of Contents
  1. "Marrying the Best: Why Hybrid Tomatoes Outshine the Rest"
    1. What Are Hybrid Tomatoes?
    2. Cross-pollination
    3. Genetics
    4. Varieties
    5. Harvesting