Organic Gardening Made Easy: How to Create Perfect Soil

Team McFly Sep 15, 2023
8 People Read
organic garden soil
Table of Contents
  1. How to Create Organic Garden Soil
    1. Compost
    2. Manure
    3. Mulching
    4. Fertilizing
    5. In Conclusion:
    6. Recent Featured Posts:

Disclosure: Some of the links in this article may be affiliate links, which can provide compensation to me at no cost to you if you decide to purchase. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. 

How to Create Organic Garden Soil

Organic garden soil is created by adding compost, manure, and other organic materials into the natural soil of your yard. These elements provide essential plant nutrients while creating healthy soil free from chemicals.

Healthy soil is essential for successful plant growth and an abundant garden. It should have large pores for water movement and air infiltration, balanced nutrient levels, and excellent drainage.


Compost is an organic fertilizer made from yard and kitchen waste, transforming it into soil-enhancing plant nutrients. It offers various advantages, such as increasing the availability of essential minerals in the soil, improving soil health, and helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Composting involves creating a pile of organic material rich in nitrogen and carbon, with the ratio controlled by conditions within the pile. Ideally, keep this pile moist but not soggy, and turn it regularly to incorporate oxygen and generate heat for decomposition.

Compost piles can be filled with grass clippings, leaves, food scraps, and manures with high nitrogen content. These materials contribute to making compost lighter and fluffier.

Start by layering course materials (wood chips, straw, small twigs) at the bottom of your pile to encourage drainage and aeration. Next, add green materials in layers 2-6 inches thick, alternating between "greens" (food scraps and grass clippings) and "browns" (leaves and woody material).

Once your pile is established, mix it periodically to promote aeration and expedite composting. You can also turn your compost pile with a rake once or twice weekly to promote microbial activity and generate extra heat for decomposition.

Compost piles of any size can take two to a half years to fully compost, depending on the size and materials used. But you can speed up the process with an organic compost starter.

When adding green material, chop it into smaller pieces to help the microorganisms break it down. Leaves and grass clippings should be dug into the pile's center and mixed thoroughly.

Once your compost pile has cooled and turned a rich brown, make sure it has decomposed into small particles like soil. You may notice steam rising from the pile - indicating that conditions inside are ideal for decomposition.

spreading manure


Healthy soil is essential for growing a successful organic garden. It should have good tilth (large pores that allow water movement and air infiltration), sufficient depth, adequate nutrients, and abundant beneficial organisms. Adding organic matter is an easy way to improve your soil's health.

Compost, composed of decomposed plant material and other organic matter, effectively increases soil fertility. Spreading 3 to 4 inches of compost on your garden bed will loosen the soil and introduce beneficial microorganisms that promote plant growth.

Manure is an excellent way to add organic matter to your soil. Spread a layer of aged manure before planting, but avoid using fresh manure in vegetable gardens as this may damage plants and introduce disease.

When applying aged manure to the soil, the ideal time is autumn when temperatures are mild enough for microbial activity. Use a shovel or tiller to incorporate the manure into the soil for the best results.

Organic materials like compost, leaf mold, and aged manure can create the richest soil possible. You're guaranteed the most fruitful results by combining these beneficial substances with the proper application of fertilizers.



Mulching is an ideal way to create organic garden soil. It's one of the simplest and most beneficial gardening practices. Mulching can be done in many ways, including grass clippings, leaves, hay, straw, compost, manure, and wood chips.

When selecting your mulch material, ensure it decomposes quickly. Furthermore, make sure the area where you plan to put the mulch is free of weeds at the time of placement - otherwise, you might end up with dead weeds taking up space in your yard and becoming an inconvenience for other plants.

Mulching can be an effective tool in keeping gardens free of weeds. Mulch acts as a shield, blocking sunlight that would otherwise reach weed roots and encouraging their growth.

Mulching has another advantage: it helps retain soil moisture- essential for plant growth. Furthermore, mulch prevents soil crusting, which could inhibit aeration. Furthermore, a layer of mulch helps prevent erosion caused by water as it reduces rainfall's impact on the ground.

Organic mulches decompose and improve the chemistry of your soil, stimulating beneficial bacteria and fungi that help combat disease and pests. The mulches can also attract earthworms to your garden. These beneficial insects break down organic matter into beneficial castings that provide essential minerals for plants. Furthermore, worms can consume various kinds of weed seeds.

Additionally, this improves the health of your soil as it produces rich and healthy humus that benefits plants. They also stimulate microbial activity and increase the soil water content.

Some mulches, such as shredded leaves, can be natural garden compost systems. However, before adding it to your soil, be aware of light-colored mulches like sawdust that may steal nitrogen from the soil during breakdown. Mix in some nitrogen-rich fertilizer with your mulch mix to combat this effect.


Organic fertilizers can create healthy and productive garden soil. Fertilizers are a type of soil amendment adding essential plant nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) essential for vigorous plant growth.

When selecting fertilizers, remember that the NPK numbers on a package estimate the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium present. These amounts may differ depending on the source and formulation.

Nitrogen: This is a crucial nutrient for the development of plants and is a key part of the chlorophyll responsible for photosynthesis. It aids in the production of robust stems and leaves as well as vibrant, healthy foliage. Fertilizers and organic stuff like compost and manure contain nitrogen frequently.

Phosphorus: Another crucial component for plants that is necessary for the growth of roots, the production of seeds, and the development of flowers. Additionally, it is essential for the movement of energy inside the plant, assisting in controlling growth and photosynthesis. Fertilizers and organic substances like bone meal and rock phosphate both contain phosphorus.

Potassium is a macronutrient essential for controlling how much water a plant holds in its internal reservoirs and how other nutrients are absorbed and distributed. It is crucial for the growth of flowers and fruits and the health and disease resistance of the entire plant. Fertilizers and organic materials like wood ash and kelp meal contain potassium.

Soil testing is integral to any garden plan and helps determine the most suitable fertilizer for your circumstances. The amount of nutrients needed depends on several factors, including what types of vegetables you grow, when they're planted, and how much time you have to work with the soil.

Organic soil quality can be improved with regular applications of compost and manure. Decomposed matter prevents soil from baking during drought, encourages water penetration into the ground, and introduces beneficial bacteria and other microscopic life forms to the mix.

Compost contributes to a healthy soil structure, encouraging the growth of beneficial organisms and stronger roots. Furthermore, compost helps retain water that would otherwise run into the environment. Another excellent source of organic fertilizer is animal manure, which can be applied regularly to your garden. Manure from herbivores such as horses, cattle, sheep, goats, llamas, alpacas, and poultry is safe in vegetable gardens.

Manure can be transformed into a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer that you can mix with water for foliar application. Alternatively, dry manure can be used as mulch or to nourish seedlings.

You can purchase bagged organic fertilizer for your vegetable garden from retailers like Lowe's or Home Depot. This product mixes 50:50 with your yard soil and should be added before planting. Organic fertilizers are slow-release, providing essential nutrients over months or even years. Furthermore, they promote beneficial soil microorganisms, which convert them into soluble nutrients your plants can easily absorb.

In Conclusion:

Creating organic garden soil is essential for any gardener looking to grow healthier plants. By adding compost, manure, and other natural materials to your soil, you can increase the fertility of your soil and provide it with all the necessary nutrients for healthy plant growth. By using sustainable organic practices, you are protecting our environment from harmful chemical runoff and promoting the health of future generations. So get out there and start building those beds!

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Table of Contents
  1. How to Create Organic Garden Soil
    1. Compost
    2. Manure
    3. Mulching
    4. Fertilizing
    5. In Conclusion:
    6. Recent Featured Posts:

Disclosure:  Some of the links in this article may be affiliate links, which can provide compensation to me at no cost to you if you decide to purchase. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.