Is it Better to Stake or Cage Tomatoes?

Team McFly Sep 03, 2023
17 People Read
caged tomato plant

Tomato Support Options: Staking vs. Caging Considerations


Tomatoes are a popular choice for home gardeners due to their versatility and delicious flavor. When it comes to growing tomatoes, one question that often arises is whether it is better to stake or cage them.

Both methods have their advantages and can contribute to a successful tomato harvest. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of staking and caging tomatoes, providing you with the necessary information to make an informed decision for your garden.

tomatoe plants staked

Staking Tomatoes: Overview

Staking tomatoes involves providing support to the plants by tying them to a vertical structure. This method keeps the plants upright and prevents sprawling, which can lead to disease and fruit rot.

Staking also improves air circulation, reduces the risk of fungal infections, and makes harvesting easier.

Pros of Staking Tomatoes

Vertical Growth: Staking allows tomatoes to grow vertically, saving space in your garden. This is especially beneficial for gardeners with limited space.

Better Air Circulation: Staked tomatoes have better airflow around the foliage, reducing the risk of diseases such as blight. Adequate airflow also helps in the pollination process.

Easier Harvesting: Staking makes it easier to access and harvest tomatoes. The fruits are more visible and within reach, reducing the chances of damaging the plant while picking.

Reduced Pest Damage: Staked tomatoes are less prone to damage from ground-dwelling pests, such as slugs or snails.

Optimal Sun Exposure: With staking, you can position the plants to maximize sun exposure, ensuring that the tomatoes receive the necessary sunlight for healthy growth and ripening.

Cons of Staking Tomatoes

Labor-Intensive: Staking tomatoes requires more initial effort, as you need to install the stakes and tie the plants as they grow. It can be time-consuming, especially if you have a large number of tomato plants.

Risk of Damage: If the tomato plants are not tied properly or the stakes are not sturdy, there is a risk of the plants toppling over due to wind or heavy fruit load. This can result in damage to the plant and fruit.

Less Support for Heavy Varieties: Some tomato varieties produce large fruits that may require additional support beyond staking. In such cases, staking alone may not be sufficient.

tomato plant in pot caged

Caging Tomatoes: The Pros and Cons

Caging Tomatoes: Overview

Caging tomatoes involves using wire cages or frames to support the plants. The cages provide a stable structure for the tomato plants to grow within, allowing them to naturally support themselves as they grow taller.

Pros of Caging Tomatoes

Ease of Use: Caging tomatoes is a relatively simple method that requires less effort compared to staking. The cages can be set up at the time of planting, eliminating the need for tying or regular maintenance.

Enhanced Support: Cages provide better support for the tomato plants, especially for indeterminate varieties that tend to grow taller and produce heavy fruit clusters. The cages prevent the plants from bending or breaking under their own weight.

Protection from Wildlife: Cages can act as a physical barrier, protecting the tomato plants from pests, birds, and larger animals that may be tempted to feast on the fruits.

Less Prone to Damage: Caged tomatoes are less likely to suffer damage from wind, heavy rain, or accidental contact during maintenance activities.

Cons of Caging Tomatoes

Limited Vertical Growth: Unlike staked tomatoes, caged tomatoes have limited vertical growth. This may be a disadvantage for gardeners with space constraints or those looking to maximize their yield from a small area.

Reduced Air Circulation: The foliage of caged tomatoes may experience reduced airflow, increasing the risk of diseases such as fungal infections.

Difficulty in Harvesting: Caging can make it more challenging to access the tomatoes within the interior of the cage. Harvesting may require reaching through the cage or removing parts of the plant.

FAQs about Staking and Cagin

FAQ 1: Is it better to stake or cage tomatoes for a small garden?

For a small garden, staking tomatoes is generally a better option. It saves space, provides better air circulation, and allows for easier harvesting.

FAQ 2: Can I stake determinate tomato varieties?

Determinate tomato varieties, which have a compact growth habit and predetermined fruit set, usually do not require staking. However, if you prefer a neater appearance or want to keep the fruits off the ground, you can stake them.

FAQ 3: How do I stake tomatoes effectively?

To stake tomatoes effectively, start by installing sturdy stakes or trellises at the time of planting. As the plants grow, gently tie them to the stakes using soft ties or twine, ensuring not to constrict their growth. Regularly check the ties and adjust them as necessary.

FAQ 4: Are there any alternatives to traditional cages for caging tomatoes?

Yes, there are alternatives to traditional wire cages for caging tomatoes. Some gardeners use concrete reinforcement mesh, tomato towers, or DIY structures made from bamboo or PVC pipes.

FAQ 5: Can I combine staking and caging for my tomato plants?

Yes, you can combine staking and caging techniques if you want to provide extra support to your tomato plants. This can be useful for particularly heavy or sprawling varieties.

FAQ 6: How should I store my stakes and cages after the growing season?

After the growing season, clean and store your stakes and cages in a dry place to prevent rust or decay. This ensures they remain in good condition for future use.


When it comes to deciding whether to stake or cage tomatoes, both methods have their merits. Staking tomatoes saves space, improves airflow, and makes harvesting easier. On the other hand, caging provides enhanced support, protects against wildlife, and requires less maintenance.

Ultimately, the choice depends on your garden's size, the tomato varieties you grow, and your personal preferences.

Remember to assess the specific needs of your tomato plants and consider the advantages and disadvantages of each method. By providing proper support, whether through staking or caging, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious tomatoes.

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