Everything You Need to Know to How to Grow Watermelon

Team McFly Oct 29, 2023
3 People Read
Table of Contents
  1. "Planting Perfection: When and Where to Start Your Watermelon Seeds"
    1. Introduction
    2. What You'll Need
    1. Planting Your Watermelon
  2. Watermelon Needs Full Sun
  3. Watermelon Needs Room to Grow
    1. Fertilizing
    2. Pollination
    3. Identifying ripe watermelon
    4. Harvesting Your Watermelon
    5. Enjoying Your Watermelon
    6. Conclusion

"Planting Perfection: When and Where to Start Your Watermelon Seeds"


Watermelon is a refreshing summertime treat enjoyed by gardeners, farmers, and consumers. If you've ever seen the vibrant pink color inside of a freshly cut watermelon, you can understand why it's a favorite summertime activity. Unfortunately, growing watermelons isn't always easy.

The good news is that with some knowledge and dedication, even beginner gardeners can grow delicious watermelons for their friends and family to enjoy. This blog post will go over the steps you should take to grow watermelons in your backyard. From seeds to soil to harvesting, let's start learning how to grow watermelon!

How to Grow Watermellons

What You'll Need

To grow watermelon, you will need the following:

-A watermelon seedling or plant

-A pot or container that is at least 12 inches deep

-Potting soil

-A sunny location


Planting Your Watermelon

To plant your watermelon, you'll need to start with a seedless watermelon. You can find these at most grocery stores. Once you have your seedless watermelon, cut it in half and remove the seeds. Plant the halves in the ground about 6 inches apart.

Water the plants regularly and wait for the watermelons to grow!

You can grow watermelons in your backyard if you have a warm climate. A good rule of thumb is to plant at least twenty square feet of land for every plant. This amount of space will ensure that your watermelon gets plenty of room to sprawl and that it has room to develop and ripen.

Watermelons are very warm-season crops that need a lot of room to thrive. They grow best when soil temperatures are in the 70s and 85s.

The trick to growing watermelons is ensuring that the soil is well-drained and contains enough nutrients for the plant to thrive. In addition, watermelons are prone to aphids and spider mites.

One of the best ways to keep your watermelons healthy and producing fruits is to use a good crop rotation strategy. Planting a variety of enriched soil-enriching crops such as legumes and onions can help to increase vine growth and reduce pests.

The other tidbit is that watermelons can be harvested two weeks early from transplants. When grown from seed, they are ready for harvest about 75 to 95 days after seeding. So, depending on your climate, you should begin your watermelon crop in the spring.

Another tip is to mulch the ground. Mulch is an excellent way to keep moisture from evaporating, and it also helps to stabilize the temperature of the soil. It will also help to prevent weeds from growing.

While planting seeds to grow watermelons is not the easiest task, it is worth the effort. It is a fun way to bring your garden to life and an inexpensive project. Plus, it's a fun and memorable activity.

One thing to note is that selecting the right type of seed is important. It would help if you opted for heirloom varieties, as they produce the best fruit. Also, remember that a hybrid watermelon will be a combination of both of its parents.

To save money, you can buy watermelon seeds from a local nursery. However, you can also sow them directly in your yard. Be sure to sow them as early as possible, as the best seedlings are likely to be the ones that are a little on the small side.

Watermelon Needs Full Sun

Watermelons need full sun to grow properly. Without the full sun, the watermelons will not develop correctly and will not taste as good. Watermelons need at least six hours of sunlight daily to grow properly. If you live in an area with less than six hours of direct sunlight per day, you should consider growing your watermelons in a greenhouse or indoors under grow lights.

Watermelon Needs Room to Grow

Watermelon is a vine-like plant that needs room to grow. The vines can stretch up to 20 feet in length, so ensure you have plenty of space in your garden before planting. Watermelon also likes to climb, so provide a support system for the vines if you plan on growing them vertically.


Watermelons are easy to grow but require a specific fertilizer system to ensure proper growth. To get the best results, it's important to follow the fertilizer instructions on the label and observe the deficiency symptoms.

The first sign of a nitrogen deficiency is the appearance of excessive foliage on the vine. To remedy the problem, adding the correct amount of nitrogen to the soil is important. The roots easily absorb this fertilizer, resulting in faster growth.

The next step is to feed the seedlings. Again, you can use commercial or homemade plant foods. A commercial product, like Miracle-Gro Shake'n Feed, is easy to apply. It contains all three macronutrients, which improve the overall plant structure and absorption.

Another common fertilizer is ammonium nitrate. Dilute it in water in a ratio of 1-2 liters for each square meter of the garden. Ammonium nitrate is safe for both humans and animals.

Mineral fertilizers can also be used to enhance watermelons' growth. They can be in liquid or granular form. When choosing a mineral fertilizer, you should consider its ability to provide potassium and phosphorus, which are essential for the fruit's growth.

Boron is also necessary for developing the sweet taste of melon. When applying boron, you can spray it directly on the leaves or mix it with water. If you prefer a foliar dressing, dilute the solution with a few liters.

If you want to boost your yields, you can also try organic fertilizers. These are beneficial because they increase the fruit's quality and help fight against calcium deficiency. You can consider mullein, cottonseed meal, and bird droppings among the organic fertilizers.

Liquid fertilizer is one of the most effective ways to feed watermelons. This product can cover a large area and is less expensive to store in bulk. Liquid plant food also contains several nutrients in chelated form, which are easy to absorb by the roots.

For optimal results, a watermelon fertilizer should include all three macronutrients. In addition, it should be applied at the right time.



When growing watermelons, pollination is important because it produces quality fruit and increases yield. The pollinators that help with this process are bumblebees, honeybees, and native bees. While honey bees are the most common, other insects and birds can also provide beneficial pollination.

To increase your yield, you must understand how to encourage these important pollinators. If you do not have a good supply of bees on your farm, you should invest in supplemental feeding and other methods of attracting bees to your field.

Bumblebees and honeybees are highly effective for watermelon pollination. Honeybees forage most actively early in the morning.

Watermelon pollination requires a specific amount of pollen and nectar. This is a small amount and is only viable for a short period. Adding more pollinators can greatly improve your watermelon production.

Honeybees are the best pollinators for watermelons. They provide large numbers of visits to your field, which results in high-quality fruit. Bees are very important to the commercial production of watermelons.

However, these bees are not able to sustain themselves on watermelon fields. Working with beekeepers to get the most out of your honeybees would be best. These beekeepers can tell you which placements are the most beneficial for your bees and where to place them.

honeybees colony

The standard recommendation is to stock one or two colonies of bees per acre of watermelon. Each colony should contain between 1500 and 2500 bees.

You can make your fields more attractive to bees by planting marigolds, lavender, borage, and other flowers. Several studies have shown that adding color to your fields can improve pollination.

For the most efficient pollination, you must encourage bees to visit your field and add shade on hot days. You can also increase the number of colonies on your farm.

As with many other crops, the success of watermelon production depends on the diversity of pollinators. 


Identifying ripe watermelon

Identifying ripe watermelons is more challenging than it sounds. It requires detective work and hearing and seeing what is going on.

There are some telltale signs to look out for. For example, a squat and hollow melon needs to be ripe. And a hefty melon indicates it is well-filled.

Another nifty tip is that the ground spot on the watermelon is the best sign of ripeness. This part of the melon has touched the ground as it grew, and it will start white and change to a creamy yellow. If the melon is a dark-skinned variety, it may develop a white spot before it reaches peak ripeness.

Other clues include a brown stem or curly tendril. If these are present, it may indicate the plant was dying when the melon was harvested. However, this is not a guarantee.

You should also be able to detect a large "sugar spot." This is the area of the melon that is seeping sugar. Larger and more pronounced sugar spots indicate a sweet melon. Finally, you should be able to see that the rind is giving. As a general rule, the melon's rind should flatten out and give when you press it.

A rim that resembles a pomegranate is also a good sign. Finally, several people suggest rubbing your fist on the underside of the melon. The results may be worthwhile, but this technique needs to be foolproof. Finally, it may be helpful to taste the melon. Whether you do this by taking a bite or drinking a glass of juice, the taste of the fruit can be compared to others.

While these tips can help you determine whether your watermelon is ripe, it's still best to check with your local produce department. They will be able to help you select the perfect melon. Just make sure you ask for assistance. Watermelons are less delicious than they once were, and eating them as soon as possible is important. Luckily, you can freeze them for a quick and tasty summer drink.

Harvesting Your Watermelon

When your watermelon is ripe, you'll know it's time to harvest when the fruit has a deep, uniform color and the stem slips easily off the vine when gently tugged. If you're unsure if your melon is ready, try knocking on it—if it sounds hollow, it's good to go!

To harvest your watermelon, cut the stem about an inch from the fruit with a sharp knife. Then, lift the watermelon carefully to avoid damaging the vine or other fruits. Transport your melons indoors and store them in a cool, dry place until you're ready to eat them.

Enjoy your delicious, homegrown watermelons!

boy eating watermelon

Enjoying Your Watermelon

To enjoy your watermelon, start by cutting it into slices. Then, enjoy it as is or add it to a refreshing summer salad. Watermelon is also delicious in fruit salads, smoothies, and juices. You can even use it to make savory dishes, like watermelon salsa or grilled watermelon. However, if you enjoy it, seed your watermelon first for the best flavor.


Growing watermelons is a great way to get nutritious, tasty fruit throughout the summer. With proper care and attention, you can have a successful watermelon crop in no time. Start with selecting the right variety of watermelon for your garden. Next, ensure you give them plenty of space and light while they grow, and keep an eye on the soil's moisture levels so that your plants stay hydrated. Finally, be patient until it's time to harvest those juicy fruits - your hard work will pay off!

Table of Contents
  1. "Planting Perfection: When and Where to Start Your Watermelon Seeds"
    1. Introduction
    2. What You'll Need
    1. Planting Your Watermelon
  2. Watermelon Needs Full Sun
  3. Watermelon Needs Room to Grow
    1. Fertilizing
    2. Pollination
    3. Identifying ripe watermelon
    4. Harvesting Your Watermelon
    5. Enjoying Your Watermelon
    6. Conclusion